The library service has 4 million visitors annually.  The city is a major international commercial centre and an important transport, retail, events and conference hub.  Between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, the proportion of Christians in Birmingham decreased from 59.1% to 46.1%, while the proportion of Muslims increased from 14.3% to 21.8% and the proportion of people with no religious affiliation increased from 12.4% to 19.3%.  During the 1st-century Roman conquest of Britain, the forested country of the Birmingham Plateau formed a barrier to the advancing Roman legions, who built the large Metchley Fort in the area of modern-day Edgbaston in AD 48, and made it the focus of a network of Roman roads.. Here you will find information about Birmingham’s population and residents.  Queen Alexandra College is a specialist college based in Harborne offering further education to visually impaired or disabled students from all over the United Kingdom..  Joseph Chamberlain, mayor of Birmingham and later an MP, and his son Neville Chamberlain, who was Lord Mayor of Birmingham and later the British Prime Minister, are two of the most well-known political figures who have lived in Birmingham. The student population of Birmingham, AL is skewed towards women, with 14,350 male students and 23,439 female students. Birmingham was the birthplace of modern bhangra in the 1960s, and by the 1980s had established itself as the global centre of bhangra culture, which has grown into a global phenomenon embraced by members of the Indian diaspora worldwide from Los Angeles to Singapore. , Birmingham rose to national political prominence in the campaign for political reform in the early 19th century, with Thomas Attwood and the Birmingham Political Union bringing the country to the brink of civil war during the Days of May that preceded the passing of the Great Reform Act in 1832. , The 18th century saw this tradition of free-thinking and collaboration blossom into the cultural phenomenon now known as the Midlands Enlightenment. Birmingham has a wealth of existing sports venues, arenas and conference halls that are ideal for hosting sport during the Games. Over the last 9 years, the growth rate of Birmingham altered from about 0.98% to 3.77%. , Birmingham is dominated by the Birmingham Fault, which runs diagonally through the city from the Lickey Hills in the south west, passing through Edgbaston and the Bull Ring, to Erdington and Sutton Coldfield in the north east. The Birmingham Hippodrome plays host to original theatrical productions and serves as the home for the Birmingham Royal Ballet company. Birmingham has grown by 91,558 since 2015, which represents a 0.72% annual change. , The City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra's home venue is Symphony Hall. Birmingham, Alabama is currently 38.4% smaller than it was in 1960, the year of its peak recorded population. ", "Another Record year for Frankfurt Christmas Market", "Birmingham's Frankfurt Christmas Market will be back 15 November – 22 December", "St Joseph makes a splash at the 2019 Nowka Bais", "Free festival with street food and dragon boat racing returns to Birmingham", "Birmingham Council set to give green light to Digbeth market scheme", "The Wholesale shebang: traders at Birmingham's Wholesale Market may have a new home at Prupim's Hub by 2012. The Birmingham and Midland Institute also has educational and artistic facilities.  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts in Edgbaston is one of the finest small art galleries in the world, with a collection of exceptional quality representing Western art from the 13th century to the present day..  To the south and east of the fault the ground is largely softer Mercia Mudstone, interspersed with beds of Bunter pebbles and crossed by the valleys of the Rivers Tame, Rea and Cole and their tributaries. The Alexandra Theatre and the Birmingham Hippodrome host large-scale touring productions, while professional drama is performed on a wide range of stages across the city, including the Crescent Theatre, the Custard Factory, the Old Joint Stock Theatre, the Drum in Aston and the mac in Cannon Hill Park. Alexander Stadium, which will host the ceremonies and athletics, will be renovated and the capacity will be increased to 40,000 seats.  Freeing for the first time the manufacturing capacity of human society from the limited availability of hand, water and animal power, this was arguably the pivotal moment of the entire industrial revolution and a key factor in the worldwide increases in productivity that would follow over the following century. Birmingham Urban Area Population Graph Total population 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2022 2026 2030 2034 2,200,000 2,400,000 2,600,000 2,800,000 3,000,000 Birmingham Urban Area Population History 1950 2,229,000 The capital of Arizona shares its name with a mythical bird, what is the name of the capital?  Birmingham Botanical Gardens, located close to the city centre, retains the regency landscape of its original design by J. C. Loudon in 1829, while the Winterbourne Botanic Garden in Edgbaston reflects the more informal Arts and Crafts tastes of its Edwardian origins. The city established its own university in 1900. Beetham Tower).. The biennial International Dance Festival Birmingham started in 2008, organised by DanceXchange and involving indoor and outdoor venues across the city. This is a strategic local government policy used to prevent urban sprawl and preserve greenfield land. Birmingham's 2020 population is now estimated at 2,607,437. A few other buildings from the medieval and Tudor periods survive, among them the Lad in the Lane and The Old Crown, the 15th century Saracen's Head public house and Old Grammar School in Kings Norton and Blakesley Hall. This is the first time it has featured in the top 50. The city absorbed Sutton Coldfield in 1974 and became a metropolitan borough in the new West Midlands county. Blacks made up 8.9% of the Birmingham population from which 4.4% were Caribbean, 2.6% were Africans and 1.7% was other Blacks. Professional boxing, hockey, skateboarding, stock-car racing, greyhound racing and speedway also takes place within the city. Birmingham is home to many national, religious and spiritual festivals including a St. George's Day party. Two-fifths of Birmingham's population live in areas classified as in the 10% most deprived parts of England, and overall Birmingham is the most deprived local authority in England in terms of income and employment deprivation. The Gun Quarter is located north of the city’s centre and the first manufacturer opened in 1630 and the area’s locally made muskets were used in the English Civil War.  The city's infant mortality rate is high, around 60% worse than the national average. , The AEGON Classic is, alongside Wimbledon and Eastbourne, one of only three UK tennis tournaments on the WTA Tour. The differences are most marked in the oldest age group reflecting greater female longevity, where more women were 70 or over. , According to the 2014 Mercer Quality of Living Survey, Birmingham was placed 51st in the world, which was the second highest rating in the UK. ", "Home of the Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games", "Erasmus Darwin: The Leonardo da Vinci of the Midlands", "Rational Manufacture – Wedgwood & Boulton", "The Supply of Raw Materials in the Industrial Revolution", "Britain 'defiant' as bombers kill 52 in attack on the heart of London", "Birmingham City Council Election 2018 Results", "The Growth of the City, A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 7: The City of Birmingham (1964), pp. Birmingham’s first market charter was granted in 1166, but it was not until the 14th century that it emerged as a settlement of any significance. , By the time of the English Civil War Birmingham's booming economy, its expanding population, and its resulting high levels of social mobility and cultural pluralism, had seen it develop new social structures very different from those of more established areas. Other general hospitals in the city include Heartlands Hospital in Bordesley Green, Good Hope Hospital in Sutton Coldfield and City Hospital in Winson Green.
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