, two cruisers, seven destroyers, and four submarines. Help - F.A.Q. Denmark was a very small country. German General of Infantry von Falkenhorst readied light flexible forces to spearhead an invasion that began early in April. The war would see Denmark lose 4,000 military dead and 3,000 civilian dead. German invasion of Denmark, 9 April 1940. For his part, Reader had been looking for a pre-text to maintain the Kreigsmarine's relevance to the German war effort. At 6:00 PM, King Christian and the entire Danish government capitulated to the Germans, ending the six-hour campaign, one of the shortest of World War II. Thus, events in Scandinavian waters meant a less than promising German chance to invade England had been reduced to a near hopeless roll of the dice, even assuming the political will had been present to execute the plan. The subsequent events in Scandinavian waters during the spring of 1940 would prove even more strategically significant following France's capitulation in June of 1940. The main target of the German operation was Norway, but the occupation of Denmark was also judged to be necessary to protect the … Upon hearing of German plans to round up Jews in October 1943, Niels and his family decided to flee. Two of the world's largest and best-regarded navies, the British and French, had failed to stop the. We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing Niels was raised in a religious Jewish household. The German invasion of Denmark was a six-hour campaign of World War II that followed the German military invading Denmark by land, sea, and air on 9 April 1940. The subsequent events in Scandinavian waters during the spring of 1940 would prove even more strategically significant following France's capitulation in June of 1940. Scandinavia took on ample significance to both Germany and Britain late in the winter of 1939-1940. Who Were the First Black Superheroes in Comics? - damaged in action in June. The main target of the German operation was Norway, but the occupation of Denmark was also judged to be necessary to protect the southern end of the sea route to Narvik, the winter port for the iron ore trade. transport planes over Denmark on the morning of April 9, The British did not give up easily though and instigated sporadic landings in Norway that would last into the summer. in December 1939 represented the German surface fleet's near destruction only eight months into the war. At 4:20 AM on 9 April 1940, the German ambassador to Denmark informed Foreign Minister Peter Munch that German troops were moving into the country to protect Denmark from attack from France and Britain, and he demanded that the Danish authorities and the German troops make contact and that all resistance was to be ceased; otherwise, the Luftwaffe would bomb Copenhagen. Some troops crossed the Jutland border into Denmark, others emerged from hiding in German merchant ships in Copenhagen harbor, and paratroops landed at key points around the country. Consequently, Germany would have to look elsewhere if it were to secure its hegemony over Europe. Video The plan worked perfectly. Denmark lasted less than 6 hours before falling to the Germans At the same time, half of the Danish air service was strafed and neutralized by the German air force, and King Christian X of Denmark was afraid that the Germans would bomb Copenhagen. German success in Norway represented a severe blow to allied naval prestige. German planes drop Further resistance was clearly pointless, and the Danish government was forced to agree to a German ultimatum to end the fighting. To make matters worse the. How did this happen? On December 12, 1939 Grand Admiral Raeder took his concerns over British interest in Norway to Hitler and explained the dangers to Germany and its economy if Britain secured Norway. (1939) and the As for Norway, some 9,000 German troops landed up and down the Norwegian coast in the first wave alone; forcing a hasty British retreat. But besides that nothing happened really. The following will explain why. Published Professional Book Review Excerpts, What Readers Are Saying About "Why Germany Nearly Won". When Germany launched an invasion into Denmark and Norway on April 9th, 1940, the official Danish resistance lasted just two hours before King Christian X surrendered. pamphlets over the city; these pamphlets were written in broken Danish and Norwegian, and they justified the German invasion as fraternally protecting Denmark and Norway from Allied invasion. Hitler settled on occupying neutral Denmark to achieve this purpose. The German invasion of Denmark on 9 April 1940 was part of a wider campaign in Scandinavia designed partly to provide bases for the German navy and partly to secure the German supply of iron ore from Sweden. Given Scandinavia's importance to Germany Hitler ordered the German military to plan for pre-empting the British. In pursuing this course the large Danish political parties also sought to protect Danish society from harsh measures which might be introduced by the occupiers and from the Danish Nazis (the National Socialist Workers Party of Denmark). On 4 May 1945 it was announced on British radio that the German troops in Denmark had surrendered. - capsized and sank after being seriously damaged by Norwegian shore batteries on April 9th and attacked by British aircraft on April 10th; - torpedoed by a British submarine on April 11; and the battleship. https://historica.fandom.com/wiki/German_invasion_of_Denmark?oldid=129481. When the German supply ship Altmark was seized in Norwegian waters on February 18, 1940 the incident sealed Hitler's conviction regarding his need to act. German Invasion of Norway Operation Weserübung was the code name for Germany's assault on Denmark and Norway during the Second World War and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. Scandinavia took on ample significance to both Germany and Britain late in the winter of 1939-1940. Hitler agreed with Raeder's assessment. Images Like I said they couldn't resist. The Second Hundred Years War: A Series of Anglo-French Wars, Assassination Attempts on U.S. Presidential Candidates, Captain America Retcon History: An explanation of Captain America's retcon history since Avengers #4, Avengers #1: Comic Book Review and Analysis, Avengers Lineups Through the Years: Avengers #1-76, Justice League: Early Justice League Villains, X-Men: History of X-Men Reprint Issues (X-Men #67-93). The German invasion of Denmark on 9 April 1940 was part of a wider campaign in Scandinavia designed partly to provide bases for the German navy and partly to secure the German supply of iron ore from Sweden. See also: German the Swedish iron ore that German industry needed for Finally, regardless of German experience or airlift capacity, the Wehrmacht lacked a reliable answer to the Royal Navy. The Danish government cooperated with the occupiers to start with, but a resistance movement grew and civil unrest occurred. On March 1, 1940 Hitler issued a Directive describing the plan of attack and rationale behind German plans for invading Norway and Denmark. Historica Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. In 1940 more than half Germany's iron ore came from imports, with 83% of this total supplied by Sweden. Furthermore, the Luftwaffe's elite airborne troops needed time to rest and refit having suffered heavy casualties in the Netherlands and Belgium. Even if the. The number of German destroyers lost or heavily damaged was, almost unbelievably, nearly as appalling a disaster for the German navy. Directed by Roni Ezra. Niels returned to Denmark in May 1945. COOPERATION WITH GERMANYThe Danish government then began to cooperate with the German occupiers. The tiny Danish army was to be overrun by two infantry divisions (the 170th and 198th) and the 11th rifle brigade (motorized). The German Decision To Invade Norway and Denmark. from landing troops almost at will up and down the long Norwegian coast. Planning work for the invasion began in January 1940. German General of Infantry von Falkenhorst readied light flexible forces to spearhead an invasion that began early in April. Consequently, Germany would have to look elsewhere if it were to secure its hegemony over Europe. Among other things, he was convinced Britain needed to secure Norway's long coastline and ports; thereby increasing the British economic blockade's efficacy against Germany and increasing political pressure on Sweden regarding her trade with Germany. Based on real events - in Southern Jutland a military unit on bicycles was sent south to help hold back the Germans until reinforcement. (April 9, 1940)--Germany invaded Norway and Denmark on Christian X During World War Two. Germany's intelligence services quickly discovered British intentions regarding Scandinavia. Get the latest updates by adding the RSS feed link to your favorite news reader: The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. View the list of all donors. The Austro-Prussian demand provided for a joint settlement of the Schleswig-Holstein question and excluded the broader German Confederation. elite airborne troops needed time to rest and refit having suffered heavy casualties in the Netherlands and Belgium. By June 1940, the, only had available 1 heavy cruiser, 2 light cruisers, 4 destroyers, and 19 torpedo boats to guard a motley invasion fleet of transports, civilian barges, and small craft. easy invasion and occupation of Denmark by both the sea It didn't take more than a couple of hours 'til they took over the country. Norway was an important source of iron ore, but there were two more important reasons for the German invasion. The weak and unimposing Kriegsmarine could hardly fight off a British Royal Navy retaining at least 4 battleships, 3 battle cruisers, 3 aircraft carriers, 9 cruisers and 57 destroyers in the British home waters alone on June 10, 1940. In addition, German transport aircraft losses meant the German military lacked airlift capacity needed for seizing and benefiting from capturing British airfields, given likely attrition rates during the process. German troops conducted a swift and very What is more, the small craft Germany gathered to cross the Channel lacked the seaworthiness and size needed to maintain adequate reinforcement and supply levels required any German invasion force. The German invasion of Denmark on 9 April 1940 was part of a wider campaign in Scandinavia designed partly to provide bases for the German navy and partly to secure the German supply of iron ore from Sweden. The decision to embark on the venture was made by Adolf Hitler as Chief of State and also (since December 1938) as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the German Reich. The fighting in Flanders during late May had destroyed or damaged many French ports. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. King Christian ordered a cease fire, to start at 7.20am. - Contact Us - Search - Recent - About Us - Subscribe in a reader - Join our Google Group The Germans quickly occupied Denmark, meeting almost no resistance, and the Germans therefore showed leniency towards the Danish government. The Germans had been considering establishing naval bases in Norway since October 1939, just a month after the start of World War II; doing so could threaten British naval superiority in the North Sea. The British also planned to invade Norway, claiming that Germany was abusing its neutrality and that Norway was trading goods with the Germans. Germany invades Norway and Denmark On April 9, 1940, German warships enter major Norwegian ports, from Narvik to Oslo, deploying thousands of German troops and occupying Norway. Upon hearing of German plans to round up Jews in October 1943, Niels and his family decided to flee. Zimmerman Telegram: What Was The Zimmerman Telegram, and How Did It Affect World War One? In spite of what had seemed like an overwhelming Allied disaster the British led efforts in the cold northern European waters provided one enormous strategic benefit for the British; it virtually guaranteed Germany would, in the short term, not be able to invade Britain.
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